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Right to Health Publications

Pain and Pandemic-1st Situational ReportPAIN AND PANDEMIC-Unmasking the State of Human Rights in Kenya in Containment of the Covid-19 Pandemic

Following the announcement of the first COVID-19 positive case in Kenya and the subsequent government directives to the public on measures to prevent the virus spread, KNCHR made drastic measures to ensure continuity of its services to the public guided by the Ministry of Health protocols.This 1st situational report covers the period between 15th March 2020, when the government set up the first COVID-19 directives and 6th June 2020 when the President of the Republic of Kenya in his 8th presidential address reviewed orders such as the dusk to dawn curfew and cessation of movement and issued further directives.. Download Report


State Of Healthcare For Prisoners In KenyaState Of Healthcare For Prisoners In Kenya- A Survey Report.

Kenya Prison Service (KPS) Directorate of Medical services is responsible for providing health care services to approximately 58,000 inmates housed in 118 correctional facilities across Kenya. This includes emergency and urgent care and care needed to prevent further deterioration of an inmate’s condition. In 2017, KNCHR undertook a monitoring exercise in 75 prisons to evaluate the adequacy of the KPS medical services and the effectiveness of its medical services. This was against a backdrop of the nationwide doctors strike vis-à-vis the vulnerable position that inmates already find themselves. Download Report



The Right To Emergency Care In Health Systems In Kenya: A Case Study Of Laikipia And Nyandarua Counties.

This report document the nature and provision of emergency healthcare in private and public hospitals in both Laikipia and Nyandarua Counties in order to assess the nature, accessibility and quality of emergency healthcare in these counties.Download Report



Rights-Based Policy Monitoring: KNCHR Primer on Assessing Compliance with Economic & Social Rights Obligations

KNCHR and the CESR have produced this primer as a tool to enable more effective monitoring of economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) in the East African country. The document, which is the product of a partnership that began in early 2011, explores how ESCR, as enshrined in the country's Constitution, can inform a human rights-based approach to development. Download Report

Report On The Pilot 360 degrees Assessment Of Health As A Human Right In Busia County

The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights and the Health Strat therefore collaborated to conduct a County Health Capacity Assessment (CHCA) in Busia County. The study assess the extent of the realization of Article 43 of the Constitution which entitles every individual to ‘the highest attainable standard of health’ following the devolution of health services. The study admits the inadequacy of the sole reliance on the assessment of budget allocation for health services as a determinant of the extent of the progressive realization of the right to health. The CHCA is the tool developed by the study to be used to provide indicators for measuring the status of the progressive realization of the right to health. The assessment identifies the key strengths in the county health system as well as reveals the critical cross-cutting gaps. It is able to measure the efficiency of the systems and point out areas of improvement. Download Report

Framework for Monitoring Realization of The Rights to Water And Sanitation In Kenya KNCHR based on its mandate articulated under Article 59 of the constitution, “to promote respect for human rights and develop a culture of human rights in the Republic” and “to monitor, investigate and report on the observance of human rights in all spheres of life in the Republic”, partnered with likeminded institutions to design this framework, to provide an apparatus through which various actors in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector can document and monitor progressive realization of the right to water and sanitation. The framework is in line with the provisions of the constitution and takes into account various international provisions and requirements such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the General Comment No. 15 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  Download Report


Report on the Right to Health in Kisumu County In this report, the Commission makes a number of fundamental recommendations that the state and other stakeholders should consider in working towards ensuring that all residents of Kisumu County enjoy the highest attainable standard of health as envisaged in the Constitution. The Commission hopes that the stakeholders in the health sector in Kisumu will use the findings of this research to inform their programming, policy and legislative developments and other interventions aimed at enhancing the realisation of the right to health in Kisumu County. Download Report  


Reproductive health reportA Report of the Public Inquiry into Violations of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights in Kenya

The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights in 2011 launched a public inquiry into violations of sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) in Kenya. This was following a complaint filed in 2009 by the Federation of Women Lawyers – Kenya and the Centre for Reproductive Rights – USA alleging systematic violation of women’s reproductive health rights in Kenyan health facilities. The Inquiry aimed to establish the extent and nature of violation of sexual and reproductive health rights and  recommend appropriate redress measures. Download Report