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Business and Human Rights

Public Inquiry Report On Mining And Impact On Human Rights: Taita Taveta County

The extractive sector in Kenya has become a major theatre of human rights violations especially in the last few years. In the wake of this significance and the development of new standards on human rights in business, there is hence a critical focus on the extractive sector as a key violator of human rights, not just in Kenya but the world.  In this regard and in exercise of its mandate, the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights responded to various human rights complaints from the mining sector in Taita Taveta. Ultimately a public inquiry was carried out, in August 2016, to open up the investigations to the general public and all interested parties to make presentations on the status or experiences in regard to the enjoyment of fundamental human rights and mining activities in Taita Taveta County.  This report documents the Public Inquiry that was held in Taita Taveta and makes recommendations that KNCHR believes will contribute to a transparent and accountable extractive sector in which human rights are protected and respected. Download Report

East African Roundtable for Business Leaders: Implementing Corporate Respect for Human Rights


This report has been written to document key speeches, discussions, insights and outcomes from a one-day business-to-business Roundtable entitled ‘Implementing Corporate Respect for Human Rights’, held in Nairobi, Kenya, on 8th November 2012. The Roundtable was aimed at business leaders from East Africa as well as multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in the region. The event highlighted the experiences of Kenyan businesses and relevant experts, exploring the value of and challenges related to corporate respect for human rights in Kenya and East Africa more generally. Download Report


The Kenya National Commission of Human Rights undertook a public inquiry in July 2005 into allegations of human rights violations arising from the activities of salt manufacturing companies in Magarini Division of Malindi District. The Inquiry arose in terms of Section 16(a) of the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights Act 2002 which establishes one of the Commissions functions as “to investigate, on its own initiative or upon complaint made by any person or group of persons, the violations of any human rights”. Download Report

Summarised Version of the United Nations Guiding Prinicples on Business and Human Rights

The UN Secretary General Kofi Anan appointed a special representative (John Ruggie) in 2005 to advice and clarify the roles and responsibilities of states, companies and other social actors in the business and human rights sector. Having the experience
of failure of the “Draft Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights” Ruggie engaged in an extensive consultation process in which all actors were consulted. These included states, businesses, NGOs with the aim of establishing a consensus between the actors. Download Report