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Security Sector Reports

Baringo Inquiry

In May 2016, the KNCHR embarked on a Public Inquiry on insecurity in the North Rift and its impact on the enjoyment of Human Rights. The main aim was to document insecurity that has bedevilled parts of the North Rift Region of Kenya. The focus counties comprised of Baringo, Elgeyo Marakwet, West Pokot, Turkana and Samburu and the inquiry was confined to the period between 2005 and 2015 though the conflict within the North Rift region can be traced to periods before even pre-colonial times. Download Report

Investigations into Police Brutality Committed at the University of Nairobi on 28th September 2017
This is a report of the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights on the investigations into reported and alleged human rights violations by the National Police Service against the students and staff from the University of Nairobi (UoN) on 28th September 2017. Download Report



Soldiers of Justice: A Case For Increased Citizen Participation In Promoting Security Within Kisumu

The report analyses the increased state of insecurity within Kisumu County between November 2014 and November 2015. This increase in criminal activities such as robberies and sexual gender based violence (SGBV) has had a negative impact on the lives of the residents. The lives and livelihood of the residents are threatened, enjoyment of their rights is no longer achievable as many residents have lost their lives, and many others have been injured. As a result of the situational curfew, individuals in the transport business as well as those who run kiosks have had to close their businesses early- this ultimately affects their income. The report recommends the intensification of crime surveillance with a view of repressing all firearms; development and implementation of a harmonization strategy that will ensure better coordination between the Administration Police and the Kenya police service and the creation of a chamber in the court specific to SGBV cases in order to ensure expediency. Download Report

Return of the Gulag: Report of KNCHR investigations on Operation Usalama Watch

This is a monitoring report of Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) of the ongoing Operation Usalama Watch that was launched in the beginning of April 2014 as part of the ongoing efforts by the government to address the spiraling insecurity in the country including terror attacks. This exercise was occasioned by reports of massive violations of human rights by police against residents of the areas of the operation. The key objective of the exercise was to assess the obtaining situation, ascertain the veracity of the allegations, gather factual information and generate appropriate interventions. Download Report

disSERVICE to THE SERVICE-Report of the Monitoring of the 2016 Recruitment of Police Constables to the NPS

This is a report of the Monitoring of the 2016 recruitment of police constables to the National Police Service (NPS). It is a product of an exercise that was coordinated by the KNCHR and carried out by 120 monitors that were spread in different parts of the country. The monitoring exercise was aimed at assessing the compliance of the recruitment exercise to the various constitutional provisions in Articles 10, 27, 244,246 and the recruitment and appointment regulations of the National Police Service Commission with aim of aiding the true transformation of the Kenya Police Force to the NPS  whose operations is guided with the principles of democratic policing. Download Report


This is a report on the upsurge of insecurity both in incidence and gravity between 2010 and 2014 and the consequential human rights violations. The report outlines the normative framework that informs the security sector reforms; the status of the security sector reforms against the benchmarks established by the Ransley report; drivers of insecurity and the impact of insecurity on the realization of human rights. Among the findings highlighted is the existence of corruption within the criminal justice system which compromises national security and additionally, the fact that the residents of affected areas are unable to access essential services. The recommendations made include ensuring accountability where there is a dereliction of duty and the need to inculcate a culture of respect for human rights within the National Police Service among others. Download Report

County Policing Authority

The County Policing Authority by its nature is a community policing structure that allows the police and the community to work together in new ways to solve problems of crime, disorder and safety issues to improve the quality of life for everyone in that community. Download Report


Securing National Security & Protection of Human Rights: A Comparative Analysis Of The Efficacy Of Counter Terrorism: Legislation and Policy

This report proceeds from a review of the existing counter-terrorism legislation and safeguards to protect human rights contained within that legislation. It observes that the various counter-terrorism measures that have been previously employed by Kenya have limited the enjoyment of certain rights. It undertakes a comparative analysis of the counter-terrorism measures adopted by other countries through international law and assesses the extent of their application in Kenyan Law documenting the best practices that can be replicated in Kenya.  Download Report