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Prison Reforms Publications


In 2017, the KNCHR undertook a survey across 73 (57%) prisons in Kenya to assess the standard of healthcare in places of detention and the capacity of prisons to deal with unforeseen medical situations.

The survey was founded on KNCHR’s oversight mandate both promotion and protection of human rights and seeks to strengthen its partnership with Kenya Prison Service (KPS). It was further guided by the advice of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment under the optional protocol on CAT to States parties and national preventive mechanisms relating to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The survey aim is to; monitor KPS COVID-19 measures, identify any gaps, propose solution in order to safeguard human rights of all actors (the inmates, children accompanying mothers and the prison officers/staff) in the prison environment and stimulate mechanisms for human rights accountability during this period. Download Report

State Of Healthcare For Prisoners In Kenya- A Survey Report.

Kenya Prison Service (KPS) Directorate of Medical services is responsible for providing health care services to approximately 58,000 inmates housed in 118 correctional facilities across Kenya. This includes emergency and urgent care and care needed to prevent further deterioration of an inmate’s condition. In 2017, KNCHR undertook a monitoring exercise in 75 prisons to evaluate the adequacy of the KPS medical services and the effectiveness of its medical services. This was against a backdrop of the nationwide doctors strike vis-à-vis the vulnerable position that inmates already find themselves. Download Report