The African Commission’s Working Group on Indigenous People 2010 Mission to Kenya relying on an earlier (2003) report of its predecessor, summarizes the characteristic features of indigenous peoples in Africa as:
“… the overall characteristics of the groups identifying themselves as indigenous peoples: their cultures and ways of life differ considerably from the dominant society and their cultures are under threat, in some cases to the extent of extinction. A key characteristic for most of them is that the survival of their particular way of life depends on access and rights to their traditional land and the natural resources thereon. They suffer from discrimination as they are being regarded as less developed and less advanced than other more dominant sectors of society. They often live in inaccessible regions, often geographically isolated and suffer from various forms of marginalization, both politically and socially. They are subject to domination and exploitation within national political and economic structures that are commonly designed to reflect the interests and activities of the national majority. This discrimination, domination and marginalization violates their human rights as peoples/communities, threatens the continuation of their cultures and ways of life and prevents them from being able to genuinely participate in deciding on their own future and forms of development” (Report of the African Commission’s Working Group of Experts on Indigenous Populations/ Communities, 2003:89).
The KNCHR has, in discharge of its mandate, continued to engage with indigenous people and different duty bearers and advocated for a human rights based approach to conservation. The KNCHR continues to receive and investigate complaints by Indigenous People on violation of their fundamental human rights and freedoms. Notable engagements include the following:
Apart from the various deployments to the Embobut Forest above, the KNCHR has also urged that Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) methods be sought to resolve the outstanding complaints from the project-affected communities. The KNCHR has made the proposal for ADR through several avenues that have included meetings with the Cabinet Secretary Ministyr of Environment and Forestry, Principal Secretary, Ministry of Lands and Urban Development, the Chief Conservator of Forests, Kenya Forest Services and meetings with the Principal Secretary Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
The KNCHR is enjoined as Amicus Curiae in Petition 1 of 2017 at the High Court in Bungoma (Peter Kitelo & Others v AG & Others) filed by members of the Ogiek of Chepkitale. The Petition seeks a determination of the indigenous land claim to the land in Chepkitale area of Mt. Elgon Forest by the Ogiek Community.
The KNCHR sat in the Taskforce appointed to advise on implementation of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights in the Endorois case and the African Court on Human and People’s Rights decision in the Ogiek of Mau case. Regrettably the terms of the Taskforces expired before completion of their respective tasks.
 Research and Information Visit to Kenya: Report of the African Commission’s Working Group of Experts on Indigenous Populations/ Communities, 1-19 March 2010).
 The Taskforce had profiled 2,874 persons who were to be compensated at Kshs 410,000 @ household. The profiled beneficiaries included 1,216 Sengwer families, 770 permit holders, and 889 landslide victims (Cherangani). However, it is important to note that during the High-Level Fact Finding visit, the Mission was informed by various actors, and in particular some of the project affected communities and persons, that the compensation exercise did not sufficiently address their needs as it was fraught with numerous challenges. For instance, the High-Level Fact Finding Mission received complaints that the profiling of beneficiaries was shrouded in secrecy and that it lacked proper beneficiary-identification due to lack of a sound and competent public participation framework.
 Nanyuki National Forum Report - Roadmap to securing forest dweller land & Resource Rights in Forest Conservation 13-15 July 2016. NLC & Reconcile
 Limited to grazing of animals, collecting of firewood, cultural and other traditional rites and any other legal acts within the forest permitted by Kenya forest Act and Community land Act. However, it should be noted that the Community Land Act can create the conditions for securing Sengwer community land rights as the basis for supporting them to conserve their forests.
 276/03 Centre for Minority Rights Development (Kenya) and Minority Rights Group (on behalf of Endorois Welfare Council) v. Kenya case
 Application No. 006/2012 African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights V Republic of Kenya